The third of the cemeteries no longer "alive" in Dearborn is Indian Burial Ground. When reading the article on this location however, it sounds as though it is the same location as the Old Hill Cemetery, but both Indian Burial Ground and Old Hill Cemetery are listed as seperate cemeteries in the Michigan Cemetery Book. The Indian Burial Grounds are recorded in two seperate books, Bela Hubbard's Memorials of a Half-Century on page 213 and in Henry Gill's book Mound Builders of Michigan.
The basics of the information I found on the Indian Burial Ground was that burial mounds found in Dearborn, were excavated and found to have garden beds believed to be Aztec origin, inside of the mounds with the deceased. There were 4 mounds found in Springwells Township area, on the Dearborn Township portion. One was located inside of Fort Wayne and opened May 22, 1876. The Second was located on property occupied by Great Lakes Smelting Works. A third, known as Carsten Mound was located between the first and second mounds. It was listed as a circular mound 30 to 70 feet in diameter and 3 to 10 feet in height. The fourth, known as The Great River Rouge Mound was located on the east bank of the Rouge River. They believe that this mound was later used by Tuetle and Wyandotte Natives. The relics collected here, were placed in the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology. Among the relics were pots, some broken and appeared to be in the form of half eggs. Beads cylindrical in shape about an inch in length and half an inch thick. They found stone scrapers, chisels , arrow heads, knives, and fragments of pottery of many patterns including "the cord pattern". A close study of the skeletons found here, showed cranial characterists which together with the relics, gave evidence of an advanced civilization believed to be separate from Native American Indians, they showed marks like those of ancient race of inhabitants of Brazil.
3/4ths of a mile Northeast of the Rouge bank mound, lay another circular mound with smaller mounds found in the southeast section of the township. When excavated, near every skeleton was found a pot of "rouge" weighing several pounds. The skeletons were found kneeling and sitting. Near one of the skeletons was found a large white marine shell, believed to have been brought to the location.
An article written by Henry R. Schoolcraft, an indian agent from Michigan and the Wayne County area, stated that he believed the original builders of the mounds were from Asia, and came eastward by longboat to the Pacific or over land by way of the Aleutian Island to the Bearing Straights, to Alaska, and south to Mexico, then later spread to North America.
For more information on the Mound Builders in this area, I would suggest the Hubbard or Gill books, each of them were included in excavations done on the mounds, and would have first hand experience.
Just an additional note for anyone interested in Native American roots or information, there was also a 200 foot high and 300 foot long, mound found in the Delray area of Detroit, that was excavated in 1837. There was a book written by one of the excavators, John T. Blois.
Contributed by Linda Ball
I did some searching at the Dearborn Centennial Library in Dearborn on Michigan Avenue, just west of Greenfield. And also, at the Dearborn Historical Archives, trying to locate information on 3 cemeteries in Dearborn, that are no longer at the locations listed in the Michigan Cemetery Location Book.